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unpublished APA Citation Guide: Examples


To cite e-books, use the following information: Author/s, date of publication, title, e-book version (Kindle, Adobe Digital Editions version), and either the DOI or url. Note that the DOI/url is used instead of publisher information. 

Basic format for an electronic book:

Author's last name, first inital. (date of publication). Title of the book [ebook version]. Retrieved from: doi or url.

Unique situations

Advanced online publications: 

In the place of the volume/issue/pages, use the DOI with a note that states "Advanced online publication."  The APA Style Blog

Videos with no date from

 Look up your video title in WorldCat (



Your results screen will show the date:

Government documents such as court reports or Congressional Joint Committee Reports:

Technically, the APA manual refers anyone citing Legislative documents to another book called “The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation”, but they do provide some guidelines for a basic format: 
 Government Name. Name of government agency. (Year) Title: Subtitle (report no. if applicable). Place of
publication: Publisher.

Data Sets:

Point readers to raw data by providing a Web address (use "Retrieved from") or a general place that houses data sets on the site (use "Available from").  For example:

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2008). Indiana income limits [Data file]. 

Retrieved from

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