Scholarly research often begins with a literature review, which involves identifying published research on a subject. It is a way of becoming educated on a topic.
A literature review allows you to:
Before beginning your research, consider the following questions?
What is the scope of your project? Are you writing a dissertation, or a 10-page paper? How much historical context or background do you plan to include? How much time will you devote to opposing viewpoints?
All of these considerations will effect where and how you conduct your research.