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APA Citation Guide: Intro & Review


This guide is not meant to act as a substitute for the APA Style Guide to Electronic References , 6th ed., which is available through the Library.  It is also not as comprehensive as the APA Formatting and Style Guide of the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University.  This guide is meant to serve as a refresher in understanding parts of a citation, as well as providing a few examples of some citations for commonly-used sources.

Interpreting a citation


This shows a citation for a scholarly journal article from a library database.


Parts of a citation

This is the first page of a journal article from the EBSCO database.  The elements needed for a reference are highlighted.

A References citation for this document would be:

Feierabend, I.K., & Klicperova-Baker, M.

(2015).  Freedom and psychological

proximity as preconditions of

nonviolence: the social psychology of

democratic peace.  South African

Journal of Psychology, 45(4), 564-577.










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Wondering why you can't just use your reference/citation management software to generate a Reference List?

While bibliographic management programs like Zotero are invaluable to researchers, almost none of these programs, including the "references" option in Microsoft Word, are 100% correct, 100% of the time.  You will need to edit your References list.