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APA Citation Guide: Formats

In-text citations

In-text citations for all resources generally contain the following information:

  1.  Author/s
  2. Date work was published
  3. Page number

This information is arranged as follows: 

(Author, date, p. page number). 

The APA style has detailed guidelines for the author-date format for in-text citations.  For more detailed information on creating in-text citations for works with two authors, three-five authors, more than five authors, no personal author, electronic sources with no page number and the like, please consult the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University's Formatting and Style Guide.

Reference List

The basic format for a References page is:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title

of Periodical, volume or number(issue). DOI (or url)

Please be sure to consult the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University for specific examples.

Also review the Fielding Graduate University's APA Style Guide to Electronic References 6th ed. for more detailed information.

doi or url?

If assigned, use the DOI in your reference.   To prevent retrieval problems of the document, do put any punctuation after the DOI.

If you do not see a DOI, you can go to crossref.org to look up your article and obtain the DOI.

If you are unable to locate the DOI, you may use the stable url (uniform resource locator) from the online database in which you found the article.

If no stable url exists, you may then include the url of the publication homepage.

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